Written by Umberto Belluzzo
Tomorrow, 4th of March 2018, Italians will finally vote for the general elections after the Italian parliament was dissolved by President Sergio Mattarella on December 28th 2017. This means that this Monday morning I will wake up with an extremely anxious to know who will possibly rule my country for the next 4 years.
I will be nervous because I can’t expect anything from these elections but this is an opinion we will return on later : )
Therefore let’s start by explaining how the electoral system works in Italy. I want to give you a simple explanation without it being too technical.
So, in our beautiful country our electoral system is called “Rosatellum-bis”. The seats of our parliament are arranged in a semi-circular way where our parliamentarians had debates, ate mortadella, had fights and were filmed while sleeping or playing with the iPad.
Our system provides a specific number of seats: the Chamber has 630 seats and the Senate has 320 seats. Who is seating there will be decided through two methods, one “majoritarian” and one “proportional”, that will be in vigor at the same time.
The Majoritarian is 37% of the parliament, this is for those who are the “highlanders”. The names of these cool people will appear on a half of the electoral schedule. This is called “majoritarian” as the only one with the majority between those in the list will have a seat. It is important to remember that the names will change depending from which region each Italian will vote.
Therefore we arrived to the second “method”, the Proportional at National level ( it’s less complicated than you think), which is used for the election of 61% of the parliament (2% is for those elected abroad). In the second half of the voting schedule there will be some of the various and colored symbols of the huge number of parties with list of candidates for each party. Here people will choose which one for them will be the party that will bring Italy to infinity… and beyond. For example if PD (left wing party) gets 20% of the votes, 20% of the seats will go to those at the top of the party’s list. In fact the names of the people at the top of the lists will have more opportunities to get in the parliament than those at the bottom of the lists. It all depends by the percentage. We all love percentages. : )
The winner will be decided when obtaining the majority. In particular, the Party that will gain the 40% will have a bonus in order for him to rule alone.
The Electoral system is in favor of coalitions because it is possible to elect only one candidate for the whole coalition.
One last thing before talking about the candidates is my opinion about this new electoral system. I don’t personally agree with this will to change the electoral system law every time we have elections in Italy. It’s like when you play Monopoly with your friends and each turn you change the rules. Would you change the rules in favor of everyone or just for yourself? Be honest ; )
As a solution I believe the Electoral System should be written in the Italian Constitution so that it’s really hard to change. I completely understand this solution has its difficulties but it would be fair for everyone, the people and the politicians.
See you in the next article to know who are the candidates and the parties favored to victory!